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Cashew cultivation in Maharashtra picking

ENCOURAGED by the incentives offered by the Maharashtra Government more and more people are taking up cashew cultivation in the State. As a result the total area under cashew is expected to go up to around 1.32 lakh hectares by 2001.

At least 11,000 ha. were expected to be added this fiscal to the already existing 1.21 lakh ha. under cashew in 1999-2000 and the State was likely to maintain the production at the last year's level of 1.22 lakh tonnes during the next season, Mr. P.P. Ba lasubramanian, Director, Cashew and Cocoa Development, told Business Line here.

With this rise in area Maharashtra would overtake Kerala both in area and production. Kerala had 1.22 lakh ha. under this commercial crop.

He said farmers were enthused to take up cashew cultivation following the State Government's proposed plans to provide incentives such as soft loans and subsidy on planting materials and labour charges to the farmers and subsidised power to processing un its. Besides, the cashew sector had become the major beneficiary of the State's employment guarantee scheme introduced in 1991.

Mr. Balasubramanian said the total production of raw cashew nuts in the country crossed five lakh tonnes and it was expected to improve during the next season also.

However, the industry sources said the domestic production last year remained below four l.t. with the result around two l.t. of raw nuts had to be imported during 1999-2000 to meet the industry requirement of six l.t.

According to official statistics, the production during last season was 5.2 l.t. from a total area of 6.84 lakh ha. under cashew in the country.

General Greenhouse Management


Greenhouse Construction
Climate Control in GH Structures
Greenhouse Management: Soil Sterilization and preparation, cultural practices in flower and vegetable cultivation
Irrigation and Fertigation Technology
Crop Protection
Post Harvest and Marketing
Ergonomics

Marketing of Horticultural Produce

Importance and Scope
Post-Harvest and Handling
Marketing Channels
Domestic & Export Marketing : Potential Markets & Procedures
Logistics and Planning
Marketing of Allied Products

FUNDING SCHEMES

Bank of Maharashtra
Minor Irrigation for Agriculturists scheme for purchase of various irrigation equipments.
Mahabank Kisan Credit Card scheme for cultivation of crops, meeting the short-term credit needs of farmers.
Farm Mechanisation for Agriculturists scheme for Purchase of Tractors/Power tillers, Harvesters, Threshers & other farm
implements.
Animal Husbandry scheme for Purchase of animals, Poultry- Broiler Farm, Layers Farm, Hatchery Sheep/Goat Rearing Construction
of Byre, and Purchase of Machinery Working Capital Requirements under
Scheme for Cultivation of fruit crops-mango, Pomegranate, Grapes etc.
Scheme for providing finance to set up of Agri-Clinics/Agribusiness Centers.
Scheme for Financing Farmers for Purchase of Agricultural land.
Scheme for Financing Two Wheelers to Farmers
Scheme for Providing Loans to Farmers for Purchase of consumer durables
Scheme for Hi-tech projects in agriculture.
Rural Godown Scheme (Gramin Bhandaran Yojana) for scientific storage of agricultural produce.
Minor Irrigation for Agriculturists


Purpose :
Digging of new wells, revitalization of existing well, purchase of oil engine, electric motor, pump set installation of pipe line, sprinkler, irrigation, drip irrigation, tube well, bore well, etc.
Eligibility : Agriculturist who owns agricultural land.
Amount : For new dug wells as per the NABARD Unit costs for equipments/estimates.
Repayment : Depending upon the repaying capacity 7 to 11 years.
Security : Mortgage of land, Hypothecation of movable assets and guarantors.
Other Terms & Conditions :
Proposed well should be located in white watershed area. It should not be in dark watershed area.