1. It helps in maintaining environment health by reducing the level of pollution.
2. It reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residue in the product.
3. It helps in keeping agricultural production at a higher level and makes it sustainable.
4. It reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health.
5. It ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for short-term benefit and helps in conserving them for future generation.
6. It not only saves energy for both animal and machine, but also reduces risk of crop failure.
7. It improves the soil physical properties such as granulation, and good tilth, giving good aeration, easy root penetration and improves water-holding capacity.
8. It improves the soil’s chemical properties such as supply and retention of soil nutrients, and promotes favorable chemical reactions.
Besides these, it has been demonstrated extensively that plant products from organic farming are substantially better in quality like, bigger in size, look, flavour, and aroma and animal products to be of better quality when they are fed with feed and fodder produced organically. The underground water of the area where such farming system is in practice has been found to be free of toxic chemicals.
Basic steps of organic farming
Organic farming approach involves following five principles:
1. Conversion of land from conventional management to organic management.
2. Management of the entire surrounding system to ensure biodiversity and sustainability of the system.
3. Crop production with the use of alternative sources of nutrients such as crop rotation, residue management, organic manures and biological inputs.
4. Management of weeds and pests by better management practices, physical and cultural means and by biological control system.
5. Maintenance of live stock in tandem with organic concept and make them an integral part of the entire system.