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Benefits of organic farming


1. It helps in maintaining environment health by reducing the level of pollution.

2. It reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residue in the product.

3. It helps in keeping agricultural production at a higher level and makes it sustainable.

4. It reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health.

5. It ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for short-term benefit and helps in conserving them for future generation.

6. It not only saves energy for both animal and machine, but also reduces risk of crop failure.

7. It improves the soil physical properties such as granulation, and good tilth, giving good aeration, easy root penetration and improves water-holding capacity.

8. It improves the soil’s chemical properties such as supply and retention of soil nutrients, and promotes favorable chemical reactions.


Besides these, it has been demonstrated extensively that plant products from organic farming are substantially better in quality like, bigger in size, look, flavour, and aroma and animal products to be of better quality when they are fed with feed and fodder produced organically. The underground water of the area where such farming system is in practice has been found to be free of toxic chemicals.

Basic steps of organic farming

Organic farming approach involves following five principles:

1. Conversion of land from conventional management to organic management.

2. Management of the entire surrounding system to ensure biodiversity and sustainability of the system.

3. Crop production with the use of alternative sources of nutrients such as crop rotation, residue management, organic manures and biological inputs.

4. Management of weeds and pests by better management practices, physical and cultural means and by biological control system.

5. Maintenance of live stock in tandem with organic concept and make them an integral part of the entire system.


General Greenhouse Management


Greenhouse Construction
Climate Control in GH Structures
Greenhouse Management: Soil Sterilization and preparation, cultural practices in flower and vegetable cultivation
Irrigation and Fertigation Technology
Crop Protection
Post Harvest and Marketing
Ergonomics

Marketing of Horticultural Produce

Importance and Scope
Post-Harvest and Handling
Marketing Channels
Domestic & Export Marketing : Potential Markets & Procedures
Logistics and Planning
Marketing of Allied Products

FUNDING SCHEMES

Bank of Maharashtra
Minor Irrigation for Agriculturists scheme for purchase of various irrigation equipments.
Mahabank Kisan Credit Card scheme for cultivation of crops, meeting the short-term credit needs of farmers.
Farm Mechanisation for Agriculturists scheme for Purchase of Tractors/Power tillers, Harvesters, Threshers & other farm
implements.
Animal Husbandry scheme for Purchase of animals, Poultry- Broiler Farm, Layers Farm, Hatchery Sheep/Goat Rearing Construction
of Byre, and Purchase of Machinery Working Capital Requirements under
Scheme for Cultivation of fruit crops-mango, Pomegranate, Grapes etc.
Scheme for providing finance to set up of Agri-Clinics/Agribusiness Centers.
Scheme for Financing Farmers for Purchase of Agricultural land.
Scheme for Financing Two Wheelers to Farmers
Scheme for Providing Loans to Farmers for Purchase of consumer durables
Scheme for Hi-tech projects in agriculture.
Rural Godown Scheme (Gramin Bhandaran Yojana) for scientific storage of agricultural produce.
Minor Irrigation for Agriculturists


Purpose :
Digging of new wells, revitalization of existing well, purchase of oil engine, electric motor, pump set installation of pipe line, sprinkler, irrigation, drip irrigation, tube well, bore well, etc.
Eligibility : Agriculturist who owns agricultural land.
Amount : For new dug wells as per the NABARD Unit costs for equipments/estimates.
Repayment : Depending upon the repaying capacity 7 to 11 years.
Security : Mortgage of land, Hypothecation of movable assets and guarantors.
Other Terms & Conditions :
Proposed well should be located in white watershed area. It should not be in dark watershed area.